The information has been reproduced courtesy of Southwest-Wine-Guide.com.
There are certain basic rules of wine tasting etiquette whether you’re at a party or t a tasting. Wine tasting can be a fun and interesting experience! Taking cellar tours and wine tastings, learning about the terroir and experiencing the beauty of the vineyards and the grapevines bring a new appreciation for the hard work that goes into making each wonderful bottle of wine.
Many people are intimidated by the thought of a wine tasting and avoid wine tasting rooms altogether. But at wine tastings, be they at a winery, a wine store or a house party, you will learn so much and will make new friends who share your interest in tasting wine.
Wine tasting for beginners starts here! Familiarise yourself with these wine tasting etiquette tips to help you to become more comfortable as you advance from a novice wine taster to a wine connoisseur.
Wine tasting tips
Enter a wine tasting and expect to be greeted by a committee member, wine pourer or even by the winemaker or owner. They are there to talk about the winery, the grapes that are grown, types of wine they make and which wines are available to taste. It is improper wine tasting etiquette to ignore these details as they are part of the overall wine tasting experience.
Wine tasting prices vary from tasting to tasting. On average the presenters offer 6-8 wines including a conversational wine, a palette cleanser to wake up the taste buds. The club offers tasting glasses to those without their own glasses, and you can even purchase your own set from the club.
Concentrate on tasting wines that you are interested in learning about. It is okay to skip any of the wines offered on the wine tasting menu. And, if you taste a wine that you do not care for, it is perfectly acceptable wine tasting etiquette not to finish that particular tasting of wine. Make use of our spittoons.
One of the basics of wine tasting is to understand that the wine poured is a tasting pour. So, don’t expect to receive a full glass of wine and do not ask for more than a tasting pour as it is not proper wine tasting etiquette to do so.
Tasting the wine
The basics of wine tasting, whether it is in a tasting room, wine store or at a party, include how to taste the wines. Here are some fundamental facts about wine tasting:
- When the wine is poured, look at it, especially around the edges. Holding the glass by the stem and tilting the glass makes it easier to see the way the colour changes from the centre to the edges.
- Sniff the wine so that you can compare the fragrance after swirling it.
- Gently swirl the wine in the glass. This increases the surface area of the wine allowing it to reach your nose. It also allows for oxygen into the wine, helping the aroma to open up.
- While swirling the wine, note how slowly it runs back down the side of the glass. This is how you note the wine’s Viscosity. More viscous wines are known to have “legs” and are most likely to have higher alcohol content.
- Sniff. Hold the wine glass a few inches from your nose and then let your nose go into the wine glass. Note any fragrance you may smell.
- Sip. Take a sip of the wine and roll it in your mouth before swallowing to make sure that the wine is exposed to all of your taste buds. You may detect sweet, sour, savoury, bitter or salty. Here is where you may also detect texture.
- Aspirate through the wine. Pursing your lips, draw some air into your mouth and exhale through the nose. This process opens the aromas of the wine, allowing them to reach your nose. The nose is the only place where you can truly detect the aroma of the wine.
- Take a second sip of the wine. This time, bring in some air as you sip. Note any subtle differences in flavour or texture.
- After swallowing, note the aftertaste and how long the finish lasts.
- Write down your experience. We provide a wine tasting scorecard or sheet to jot down your impressions of the wine you tasted. Wines have four basic characteristics: taste, tannins, alcohol and acidity. A good wine will have a distinct balance of all four characteristics. Ageing the wine softens the Tannins. The acidity will soften during the lifetime of the wine. Alcohol stays the same no matter how old the wine gets.
Cleansing the palate and spitting wine
The club provides water to cleanse the palate or to rinse the wine glass between tastings, especially when switching from white wines to red wines.
Experienced wine connoisseurs who taste several wines at one tasting will spit the residual wine into spittoons between wine tastings to avoid overindulgence and deadening the palate.
If you can’t bring yourself to spit (don’t feel bad, we can’t do it, either), make sure that you have eaten something substantial before going to a wine tasting. Alcohol is absorbed more slowly on a full stomach than an empty stomach.
Other wine tasting tips
Generally speaking, part of a wine tasting includes small snacks such as plain crackers on all tables during a tasting to cleanse the palate after tasting the wines. Do not take handfuls of these snacks; that would be a wine tasting etiquette “no-no”. The club provides a light supper halfway through the tasting.
Courteous wine tasters try not to interfere with their ability to smell wines. Avoid smoking or wearing heavy perfumes or after-shave lotions when you attend a wine tasting.
Gum and Breath mints alter the taste of wine during wine tastings. Avoid using them when attending a wine tasting.
Keep your opinions to yourself. So maybe the wine you tasted wasn’t exactly what you liked. If so, keep your opinion to yourself until others in your group have had a chance to taste.
Wineries hope that once you have tasted their wines that you will want to purchase bottles of their wine. Support these hard-working, local wineries by purchasing a bottle (or more) of your favourite wines.
Do not get “tipsy” at a wine tasting. If you know that you will taste several wines, appoint a designated driver to get you home safely. If you’re with a group, consider hiring a taxi to get you home safely. If water is provided, feel free to drink this. If not, feel free to ask for water.